The secret to growing highly productive nut trees is to select the right type of nut tree for your climate and soil. Applying advanced pruning techniques developed by Tree Plantation in 2008 will increase nut production three times. Tree Plantation growing methods not only increases fruiting but also saves water, space and lowers operating costs.
Nut Tree Production Comparisons Per Acre
Typically, in a standard growing pattern, nut trees are planted twenty feet on center creating an orchard of 81 nut trees per acre. Beginning in year 5 or 6, the nut trees begin production, eventually producing an average yield of 1,000 nuts per tree for example. High-density plantings can double a yield of 80,000 nuts per acre to 160,000. In the diagram shown below, a typical tree-planting pattern grows 81 nut trees, a high-density orchard grows a total of 1,500 trees and a high yield orchard grows 82 trees producing up to 2 to 3 times the nuts.
Tree Plantation HIGH YIELD Nut Tree Production Per Acre
Tree Plantation nut trees are a form of high density planting that matches or exceeds the production of conventional high density growing but using approximately the same number of trees of a typical nut tree planting. In other words, planting 84 nut trees per acre produces approximately 100,000 in total nut production for almonds for example.
While typical plantings of nut trees produce on average 100,000 nuts per acre, conventional high-density plantings will double nut yields to 200,000 however employing Tree Plantation planting techniques will quadruple the yields from typical planting and double those of high density plantings.
Other Factors That Can Effect Nut Tree Production
Nut production also depends on several other factors including stem length, straightness and well-balanced branching. A straight nut tree stem produces more fruit; sometimes as much as three times the overall production of a twisted or crooked stem. To encourage the development of straight nut tree stems, a defined leader should be selected to be nut bearing. Defined leaders are stems that are not only straight but display fast, vigorous growth. They also should be the longest of all the stems growing from the main trench and secondary branches. Properly pruned trees will grow many well-balanced branches that will become big producers year after year. It is important that secondary and tertiary nut yielding branching grow parallel and level to one another to maximize yields and create balanced growth within the tree.
Types Of Nut Trees
Types of nut trees that benefit from Tree Plantation high yield planting methods include Walnut, Hazelnut, Almond, Macadamia, Pecan, Pistachio and Lychee trees. Temperate, Tropical and sub-tropical fruit trees and citrus trees also benefit from this growing system.
Tree Plantation growing systems grow 84 Pecan trees per acre producing approximately 100,000 Recan nuts in total. Types of Pecan trees that are ideally suited for this system include Stuart, Moreland, Desireable, Elloit, Cape Fear and Candy Pecans.
One pecan growing station produces approximately 1,200 pecans. Orchardists typically graft different varieties of pecans to one growing station.
Both typical and high-density plantings produce on average 25,000 and 50,000 almonds per acre. Tree Plantation growing systems can double production to 100,000 almonds per acre saving time and money. All types of almond trees are suitable for this high production growing system including California almonds, Spanish almonds and Nonpaeil almonds.
One Almond growing station produces approximately 1,500 almonds. Orchardists typically graft different varieties of almonds to one growing station.
Typical walnut tree plantings of 81 nut trees per acre produce approximately 500 cherries per tree or 40,000 total walnuts. Conventional high-density plantings have not proven successful, however Tree Plantation high yield plantings more than double production to over 80,000 walnuts per acre. All types of walnut trees benefit from this growing system including Black walnut, English walnut and White walnut also known as Butternut.
One walnut growing station produces approximately 1,000 walnuts. As a rule orchardists do not graft different varieties of walnuts within a growing station.
Typical nut tree plantings of 81 trees per acre produce approximately 800 hazelnuts per tree or 65,000 total plums. Conventional high-density plantings have not proven successful, however Tree Plantation high yield plantings more than double production to over 130,000 hazelnuts per acre. All types of hazelnut trees benefit from this growing system including American hazelnuts, European hazelnuts and Round hazelnuts.
One hazelnut growing station produces approximately 1,600 hazelnuts. Orchardists typically do not graft different varieties of hazelnuts to one growing station.
Typical Macadamia nut tree plantings of 81 trees per acre produce approximately 600 Macadamia nuts per tree or 50,000 total Macadamia nuts. Conventional high-density plantings have not proven successful, however Tree Plantation high yield plantings more than double production to over 100,000 Macadamia nuts per acre. Both types of Macadamia trees benefit from this growing system which are Macadamia tetraphylla which prefers cooler climates and Macadamia integrifolia which prefers warmer climates.
One Macadamia growing station produces approximately 1,200 Macadamia nuts.
Lychee trees produce around 600 Lychee nuts when they mature. Typical orchard plantings spaced 20 feet apart produce 25,000 Lychee nuts per acre. High-density plantings have been tried unsuccessfully over the years using top and x-trellis planting systems. The best system to increase Lychee nut yields is a high yield growing system developed by Tree Plantation which uses a unique method to multiply fruit bearing branching. All types of varieties of Lychee nut trees can be grown using this system including Bengal, Ohia, Sweet Cliff, Ha-Kip and Emperor.
One Lychee growing station produces approximately 1,200 Lychee nuts. Orchardists typically do not graft different varieties of Lychee to the same nut bearing tree.