Nut trees are grown on millions of acres in over 145 countries creating a nut production industry that grows pecan, almond, walnut, hazelnut, macadamia and lychee nuts to name a few. Nut trees have been grown for thousands of years, providing delicious and nutritious fruits to cultures from around the world. Temperate nuts such as walnuts and hazelnuts are indigenous to Northern Europe and the Americas, Almonds were first grown in Spain, Lychees and Macadamias are indigenous to the Australian continent and Pecans were first grown by the Native peoples of Central America. Unfortuantely, the boom years seem to be over as many nut farmers face losing thier farms to drought, water shortages, a changing climate and the rapid expansion of corporate agriculture. Fortunately, new growing methods have been developed by Tree Plantation that increase production and save water. Now growers with a small orchard can grow more Walnut, Hazelnut, Almond, Macadamia, Pecan, Pistachio, Lychee, Cashew and Chestnut trees and compete with larger interests.
FRUIT TREES - Growers with a small orchard can double their profits from fruit trees using this method to grow pears, peaches, apples, plums, apricots and cherry trees
CITRUS TREES - Planting 84 citrus trees produces approximately 100,000 oranges per acre using these alternative growing and pruning methods.
The secret to growing highly productive nut trees is to select the right type of nut tree for your climate and soil and then apply advanced pruning techniques to increase fruiting, save water, space and lower operating costs.
Nut Tree Production Comparisons Per Acre
Typically, an orchard comprises between 60 and 80 trees per acre. Average yield may be between 500 and 2,000 nuts per tree depending on nut types, climate, fertilization, soil type and available water resources. High-density plantings can double yields. A new high-density growing method developed by Tree Plantation can double that again.
Tree Plantation HIGH YIELD Friut Tree Production Per Acre
New high-density planting methods developed by Tree Plantation can double production compared to a conventional orchard growing the same number of trees. In addition, new irrigation technology lessens water usage without lowering production. Growing the same with less water is important to farmers losing their nut orchards because of state imposed water rationing.
Fruit Tree Production Comparisons Per Acre
Nut production also depends on several other factors including stem length, straightness and well-balanced branching. A straight nut tree stem produces more nuts; sometimes as many as three times the overall production of a twisted or crooked stem. To encourage the development of straight nut tree stems, a defined leader should be selected to be nut bearing. Defined leaders are stems that are not only straight but display fast, vigorous growth. They also should be the longest of all the stems growing from the main trunk and secondary branches. Properly pruned trees will grow many well-balanced branches that will become big producers year after year. It is important that secondary and tertiary nut yielding branching grow parallel and level to one another to promote balanced growth and maximize yield.
Types Of Nut Trees
Types of nut trees that benefit from our plant propagation and water saving technologies include Walnut, Hazelnut, Almond, Macadamia, Pecan, Pistachio, Lychee, Cashew and Chestnut trees.
Pecan Trees - types of nut trees
Pecan trees are Texas trees. Texas dominates Pecan production in the United States. In Texas, about 80 Pecan trees are planted per acre. Given the right climate and sufficient water, an acre can produce between 60,000 and 80,000 Pecans per acre. Like most areas of the Southwest, Texas is suffering from years of drought, which has had an impact on overall Pecan production - down 50% from just 10 years ago. Tree Plantation has developed an intensive farming technique that grows more pecans using less water. Types of Pecan trees suitable for this system include Stuart pecans, Moreland pecans, Desirable pecans, Elloit pecans, Cape Fear pecans and Candy Pecans.
The same water saving technology can be used to grow Pecans in a backyard setting.
Almond Trees - types of nut trees
Intensive growing techniques have been utilized by Almond growers the past 50 years. The problem isn’t maximized production per acre, its lack of water, particularly in California and Western Australia where thousands of acres have been lost to drought and water shortages. Intensive Almond production requires an inordinate amount of water. At least half of all Almond producers haven left the market. Tree Plantation has developed an intensive farming technique that grows more Almonds with less water. All types of Almond trees are suitable for this water saving growing system including California almonds, Spanish almonds and Nonpaeil almonds..
The same water saving technology can be used to grow Almonds in a backyard setting.
Walnut Trees - types of nut trees
Walnuts are grown in in just about every country in the Northern hemisphere including the United States, Canada, China, the UK and parts of continental Europe. Walnut trees require “cold dormancy” for a period of 90 days or more, so they are classified as a "true" temperate tree. Walnut orchards typically feature large canopy trees spaced 50 feet apart, which plants about 20 trees per acre. Each tree can produce up to 5,000 walnuts so 100,000 walnuts per acre is not uncommon. Improved production can be achieved employing new propagation methods developed by Tree Plantation. All types of walnut trees benefit from this growing system including Black walnut, English walnut and White walnut also known as Butternut.
One or two Walnut trees are suitable in a backyard seeting using this technology.
Hazelnut Trees - types of nut trees
Hazelnuts are a Northern hemisphere tree, found growing as far north as Canada and as far south as Texas. Hazelnut trees need a cold dormancy period for at least 60 days to stimulate production. Hazel nut orchards typically have between 80 and 120 trees planted per acre. With each tree producing 2,000 hazelnuts on average, a commercial orchard will produce somewhere in the neighborhood of 200,000 hazelnuts per acre. Improved production can be achieved employing new propagation methods developed by Tree Plantation. All types of hazelnut trees benefit from this growing system including, American hazelnuts, European hazelnuts and Round hazelnuts.
One backyard hazelnut growing station produces approximately 600 hazelnuts from 2 trees. Orchardists typically do not graft different varieties of hazelnuts to one another.
Macadamia Trees - types of nut trees
Typical plantings of 80 Macadamia trees per acre is pretty much standard. Some Macadamia orchardists have experimented with higher density plantings without success, however Tree Plantation has perfected a new way of propagation that significantly improves yield. Both types of Macadamia trees are suitable for these new growing methods, namely the tetraphylla that prefers cooler climates and Macadamia integrifolia, which prefers warmer climates.
Two Macadamia trees are required for a backyard growing station. Trees are grown opposite one another at an acute angle between 10 and 20 degrees. Macadamia, a tropical/sub-tropical tree is grown in many areas of the world, but California has the lions share of the market.
Lychee trees produce about 600 Lychee nuts when the tree reaches 20 years of age. Typical orchard plantings space Lychee trees 30 feet apart to produce 18,000 Lychee nuts per acre. High-density plantings have been tried unsuccessfully. Tree Plantation has developed a unique pruning method to double Lychee nut yields. All types of Lychee trees can be grown using this system including Bengal, Ohia, Sweet Cliff, Ha-Kip and Emperor. Lychees are extensively grown in China, Vietnam and the rest of tropical Southeast Asia, the Indian Subcontinent, and more recently in South Africa, Brazil, parts of the Caribbean, Queensland in Australia, Southern California and Florida.
At least two Lychee trees are grown at an angle opposite one another in a backyard setting. Intensive pruning combined with branch training increases Lychee production.
Cashew trees produce around 3,000 Cashew nuts when mature. Typical orchard plantings spaced 30 feet apart produce 90,000 Cashew nuts per acre. High-density plantings have been tried without much success. Tree Plantation uses proprietary pruning methods to increase Cashew yields. Most varieties of Cashew trees improve yields using this pruning method including Kanaka, Dhana, Anakkayam and Vridhachalam. The main producers of Cashew nuts are Brazil, India, Vietnam, Africa (Tanzania and Mozambique) and South East Asia.
At least two Cashew trees are grown at an angle opposite one another. Intensive pruning combined with branch training increases Cashew production.
A mature Chestnut tree produces approximately 2,000 chestnuts. Typical orchard plantings spaced 40 feet apart produce 80,000 chestnuts per acre. Typical high-density plantings techniques are not suitable for Chestnut trees because of thier large leaf canopy, however Tree Plantation has developed a new pruning method that dramatically increases chestnut production from a single tree. All types of Chestnut trees are suitable for this technique including, American chestnut, Sweet chestnut and Chinese chestnut trees.
Two Chestnut trees grow in one growing station. Chestnut trees are positioned opposite one another at an angle and pruned to keep branching close in and uniform.