The secret to growing highly productive trees is to select the right type of fruit tree for your climate and soil. Applying advanced pruning techniques developed by Tree Plantation in 2008 will increase fruit production three times. Tree Plantation growing methods not only increases fruiting but also saves water, space and lowers operating costs.
Fruit Tree Production Comparisons Per Acre
Typically, in a standard growing pattern, fruit trees are planted twenty feet on center creating an orchard of 81 fruit trees per acre. Beginning in year 5 or 6, the fruit trees begin production, eventually producing an average yield of 300 apples or pears per tree for example. High-density plantings can double a yield of 25,000 fruits per acre to 50,000. In the diagram shown below, a typical tree planting pattern grows 81 fruit trees, a high-density orchard grows a total of 1,500 trees and a high yield orchard grows 82 trees producing up to 2 to 3 times the fruit.
Tree Plantation HIGH YIELD Fruit Tree Production Per Acre
Tree Plantation fruit trees are a form of high density planting that matches or exceeds the production of conventional high density growing but using approximately the same number of trees of a typical fruit tree planting. In other words, planting 84 fruit trees per acre produces approximately 100,000 in total fruit production for apples or pears for example.
While typical plantings of fruit trees produce on average 25,000 apples per acre, conventional high-density plantings will double fruit yields to 50,000 however employing Tree Plantation planting techniques will quadruple the yields from typical planting and double those of high density plantings.
Other Factors That Can Effect Fruit Tree Production
Fruit production also depends on several other factors including stem length, straightness and well-balanced branching. A straight fruit tree stem produces more fruit; sometimes as much as three times the overall production of a twisted or crooked stem. To encourage the development of straight fruit tree stems, a defined leader should be selected to be fruit bearing. Defined leaders are stems that are not only straight but display fast, vigorous growth. They also should be the longest of all the stems growing from the main trench and secondary branches. Properly pruned fruit trees will grow many well-balanced branches that will become big producers year after year. It is important that secondary and tertiary fruit yielding branching grow parallel and level to one another to maximize yields and create balanced growth within the tree.
Types Of Fruit Trees
Types of temperate fruit trees that benefit from Tree Plantation high yield planting methods include Pear, Apple, Cherry, Plum, Peach and Apricot trees. Nut trees, tropical and sub-tropical fruit trees including citrus trees also benefit from this growing system.
Tree Plantation growing systems grow 84 pear trees per acre producing approximately 100,000 pears in total. Types of pear trees that are ideally suited for this system include Bartlett pears used for preserving and canning; Anjou pears for eating and Asian pears that look more lime an apple than a pear.
One pear growing station produces approximately 1,200 pears. Orchardists would typically graft different varieties of pears to one growing station.
Both typical and high-density plantings produce on average 25,000 and 50,000 apples per acre. Tree Plantation growing systems can double production to 100,000 apples per acre saving time and money. All types of apple trees are suitable for this high production growing system including Granny Smith apples, Macintosh apples, Gala apples, Delicious apples, Golden Delicious apples, Nicola apples and Spartan apples.
One apple growing station produces approximately 1,500 apples. Orchardists would typically graft different varieties of apples to one growing station.
Typical cherry tree plantings of 81 trees per acre produce approximately 1,000 cherries per tree or 81,000 total cherries. Conventional high-density plantings have not proven successful, however Tree Plantation high yield plantings more than double production to over 162,000 cherries per acre. All types of cherry trees benefit from this growing system including Bing cherry, Rainier cherry and Van cherry, which is considered the perfect cherry for making pies.
One cherry growing station produces approximately 3,000 cherries. Orchardists would typically graft different varieties of cherries to one growing station.
Typical plum tree plantings of 81 trees per acre produce approximately 1,000 plums per tree or 82,000 total plums. Conventional high-density plantings have not proven successful, however Tree Plantation high yield plantings more than double production to over 168,000 plums per acre. Both blue and yellow plum trees benefit from this growing system including types of plum trees like Methley plums, Blue plums, Yellow plums and Italian plums, which are typically dried to make prunes.
One plum growing station produces approximately 4,000 plums. Orchardists would typically graft different varieties of plums to one growing station.
Peach trees on average produce fewer fruit per tree than other varieties of temperate fruit including apples and pears, so typically an acre planted in 81 peach trees will produce approximately 200 peaches per tree totaling 16,000 peaches. Conventional high-density plantings have not increased yields per acre however, Tree Plantation growing methods triple peach yield per acre. Many types of peach trees are suitable for these growing methods including Red Haven peaches, Contender peaches, Sweet Bagel peaches, Elberta peaches and Georgia peach.
One peach growing station produces approximately 1,200 peaches. Orchardists would typically graft different varieties of peaches to one growing station.
Apricot trees produce around 500 apricots when they mature. Typical orchard plantings spaced 20 feet apart produce 40,000 apricots per acre. High-density plantings have been tried unsuccessfully over the years using top and x-trellis planting systems. The best system to increase apricot yields is a high yield growing system developed by Tree Plantation which uses a unique method to multiply fruit bearing branching. All types of apricot trees can be grown using this system including Golden apricots, Castlebrite apricot and Pixie-cot.
One apricot growing station produces approximately 2,000 apricots. Orchardists would typically graft different varieties of apricot to one growing station.