The secret to growing highly productive citrus trees is to select the right type of citrus tree for your climate and soil. Applying advanced pruning techniques developed by Tree Plantation in 2008 will increase citrus production three times. Tree Plantation growing methods not only increases fruiting but also saves water, space and lowers operating costs.
Citrus Tree Production Comparisons Per Acre
Typically, in a standard growing pattern, citrus trees are planted twenty feet on center creating an orchard of 81 citrus trees per acre. Beginning in year 5 or 6, the fruit trees begin production, eventually producing an average yield of 300 oranges per tree for example. High-density plantings can double a yield of 25,000 fruits per acre to 50,000. In the diagram shown below, a typical tree-planting pattern grows 81 citrus trees, a high-density orchard grows a total of 1,500 trees and a high yield orchard grows 82 trees producing up to 2 to 3 times the fruit.
Tree Plantation HIGH YIELD Citrus Tree Production Per Acre
Tree Plantation fruit trees are a form of high density planting that matches or exceeds the production of conventional high density growing but using approximately the same number of trees of a typical citrus tree planting. In other words, planting 84 citrus trees per acre produces approximately 100,000 in total fruit production for oranges for example.
While typical plantings of citrus trees produce on average 25,000 oranges per acre, conventional high-density plantings will double fruit yields to 50,000 however employing Tree Plantation planting techniques will quadruple the yields from typical planting and double those of high density plantings.
Other Factors That Can Effect Citrus Tree Production
Citrus production also depends on several other factors including stem length, straightness and well-balanced branching. A straight citrus tree stem produces more fruit; sometimes as much as three times the overall production of a twisted or crooked stem. To encourage the development of straight citrus tree stems, a defined leader should be selected to be fruit bearing. Defined leaders are stems that are not only straight but display fast, vigorous growth. They also should be the longest of all the stems growing from the main trench and secondary branches. Properly pruned citrus trees will grow many well-balanced branches that will become big producers year after year. It is important that secondary and tertiary fruit yielding branching grow parallel and level to one another to maximize yields and create balanced growth within the tree.
Types Of Citrus Trees
Types of temperate fruit trees that benefit from Tree Plantation high yield planting methods include Lemon, Lime, Orange, Grapefruit, Tangerine and Kumquat trees. Nut trees and fruit trees including citrus trees also benefit from this growing system.
Tree Plantation growing systems grow 84 orange trees per acre producing approximately 80,000 oranges in total. Types of orange trees that are ideally suited for this system include Valencia oranges used for jucing; Navel oranges for eating and Blood rangesthat look more lime an grapefruit than an orange.
One orange growing station produces approximately 1,200 orange. Orchardists would typically graft different varieties of orange to one growing station.
Both typical and high-density plantings produce on average 25,000 and 50,000 lemons per acre. Tree Plantation growing systems can double production to 100,000 apples per acre saving time and money. All types of lemon trees are suitable for this high production growing system including Lisbon lemon, Meyer lemon and the unusual Pink Eureka lemon.
One lemon growing station produces approximately 1,500 lemons. Orchardists would typically graft different varieties of lemons to one growing station.
Typical lime tree plantings of 81 trees per acre produce approximately 500 cherries per tree or approximately 40,000 total limes. Limes are considered to be more productive; typically producing more fruits than lemons. Conventional high-density plantings have not proven successful, however Tree Plantation high yield plantings more than double production to over 85,000 limes per acre. All types of lime trees benefit from this growing system including Bearss lime, Kaffir lime and Key lime trees.
One lime growing station produces approximately 3,000 limes. Orchardists would typically graft different varieties of limes and even lemons to a growing station.
Typical plum tree plantings of 81 trees per acre produce approximately 300 grapefruit per tree or 25,000 total plums. Conventional high-density plantings have not proven successful, however Tree Plantation high yield plantings more than double production to over 50,000 grapefruit per acre. All types of grapefruit trees benefit from this growing system including Thompson grapefruit, Pink grapefruit and Ruby Red grapefruit.
One grapefruit growing station produces approximately 600 grapefruit. Orchardists would typically graft different varieties of grapefruit to one growing station.
Kumquat trees on average produce fewer fruit per tree than other varieties of temperate fruit including lemons and limes, so typically an acre planted in 81 peach trees will produce approximately 200 Kumquast per tree totaling 16,000 Kumquats. Conventional high-density plantings have not increased yields per acre however, Tree Plantation growing methods triple peach yield per acre. Many types of Kumquats are suitable for these growing methods including Florida Kumquat, California Kumquats, Texas Kumquats and Australain Kumquats.
One Kumquat growing station produces approximately 400 Kumquats. Orchardists typically graft different varieties of Kumquats to one growing station.
Tangerine trees produce around 400 tangerines when they mature. Typical orchard plantings spaced 20 feet apart produce 25,000 apricots per acre. High-density plantings have been tried unsuccessfully over the years using top and x-trellis planting systems. The best system to increase Tangerine yields is a high yield growing system developed by Tree Plantation which uses a unique method to multiply fruit bearing branching. All types of Tangerines including Dancy tangerines, Murcott tangerines and Clementine tangerines can be grown using the these high density growing methods.
One Tangerine growing station produces approximately 800 Tangerines. Orchardists typically graft different varieties of Tangerines to one growing station.