Initially, Citrus Trees were grown for their flowers rather than their fruit, which was considered inedible because heirloom fruit tasted bitter and sour – not sweet at all. As the use of fragrant flowers of citrus trees spread from India (where most Citrus trees originate) to the Mediterranean, farmers began to experiment with the fruits, gradually cross breeding plants until they produced sweeter fruit. Today there are literally millions of acres of citrus trees growing in over 50 countries producing many varieties of citrus including lemon, lime, orange, grapefruit, tangerine and kumquat.
NUT TREES - Nut trees produce on average 100,000 nuts per acre however; nut trees can produce three times that using these high density production methods
FRUIT TREES - Growers with a small orchard can double their profits from fruit trees using this method to grow pears, peaches, apples, plums, apricots and cherry trees
Citrus trees have been grown for thousands of years, providing delicious and nutritious fruits to cultures around the world. Lemons were first cultivated in India, Oranges where grown first in South Eastern Asia and Grapefruit comes from the Middle East. Today, with the expansion of corporate farming, almost 70% of the profits from fruit trees are earned by large operations leaving small orchardists struggling to earn a living. Fortunately, new growing methods have been developed that increase fruit production from a single tree. Now growers with a small orchard can double or even triple their profits growing the same number of lemon, lime, orange, grapefruit, tangerine and kumquat trees.
Citrus Fruit Production
The secret to growing highly productive citrus trees is to select the right type of citrus tree for a particualr climate and/or soil. Applying advanced pruning techniques developed by Tree Plantation can increase citrus production three fold. Tree Plantation growing and pruning methods not only increases fruiting but also saves water, space and lowers operating costs for the small grower.
Citrus Tree Production Comparisons Per Acre
Typically, in a conventional growing pattern, citrus trees are planted twenty feet on center creating an orchard of 81 trees per acre. Beginning in year 5 or 6, the citrus trees begin production, eventually producing an average yield of 300 oranges per tree, for example. In the diagram below, a typical tree-planting pattern grows 81 citrus trees, a high-density orchard grows a total of 1,500 trees and a high yield orchard grows 82 trees producing up to 2 to 3 times the fruit.
Tree Plantation HIGH YIELD Citrus Tree Production Per Acre
Fruit tree high density planting can match or exceed the production of a typical orchard. While typical plantings of citrus trees produce on average 25,000 oranges per acre, conventional high-density plantings can double fruit yields to 50,000 however, a planting of 84 citrus trees per acre produces approximately 100,000 oranges using Tree Plantation growing and pruning methods.
Other Factors That Can Effect Citrus Tree Production
Citrus production also depends on several other factors including stem length, straightness and well-balanced branching. A straight tree stem produces more fruit; sometimes two or three times that of a twisted or crooked stem. To encourage the development of straight citrus tree stems, a defined leader should be selected to be fruit bearing. Defined leaders are stems that are not only straight but display fast, vigorous growth. They also should be the longest of all the stems growing from the main trunk and its secondary branches. A properly pruned citrus tree will grow many well-balanced branches that will eventually become big producers each season. It is important that secondary and tertiary fruit yielding branching grow parallel and level to one another to maximize yields and create balanced growth throughout the tree.
Types Of Citrus Trees
Types of citrus fruit trees that benefit from Tree Plantation high yield planting methods include Lemon, Lime, Orange, Grapefruit, Tangerine and Kumquat trees.
Orange Trees - types of citrus trees
A high density-planting pattern features 82 orange trees per acre, which should produce between 80,000 and 100,000 oranges in total. Types of orange trees that are ideally suited for this system include Valencia oranges used for juicing; Navel oranges for eating and Blood oranges that that look more like a grapefruit than an orange.
One orange tree growing station produces approximately 200 oranges from 2 or 3 trees depending on orientation. Horticulturalists would typically graft different varieties of orange within one growing station.
Lemon Trees - types of citrus trees
A high density-planting pattern features 82 orange trees per acre, which can be expected to produce between 80,000 and 100,000 lemons in total. All types of lemon trees are suitable for this high production growing system including Lisbon lemon, Meyer lemon and the unusual Pink Eureka lemon.
One lemon growing station produces approximately 500 lemons from 2 or 3 trees depending on orientation. A Horticulturalist would typically graft different varieties of lemons to each tree growing in one growing station.
Lime Trees - types of citrus trees
Typical lime tree plantings of 82 trees per acre produce approximately 300 limes per tree or approximately 25,000 total limes. Limes are considered to be more productive; typically producing more fruits than lemons. Conventional high-density plantings have not proven successful, however high yield plantings can more than double production to over 75,000 limes per acre. All types of lime trees benefit from this growing system including Bearss lime, Kaffir lime and Key lime trees.
One lime growing station produces approximately 600 limes. A Horticulturist would typically graft different varieties of limes and sometimes lemons to a growing station.
Grapefruit Trees - types of citrus trees
Typical grapefriut tree plantings of 82 trees per acre produce approximately 300 grapefruit per tree or 25,000 total grapefruit. Conventional high-density plantings have not proven successful, however high yield plantings more than double production to over 50,000 grapefruit per acre. All types of grapefruit trees benefit from this growing system including Thompson grapefruit, Pink grapefruit and Ruby Red grapefruit.
One grapefruit growing station produces approximately 400 grapefruit. Experienced Horticulturists would typically graft different types of grapefruit to one growing station for variety.
Kumquat Trees - types of citrus trees
Kumquat trees on average produce fewer fruit per tree than other varieties of temperate fruit trees including lemons and limes, so typically an acre planted in 80 Kumquat trees will produce approximately 200 Kumquats per tree for a total of 16,000 Kumquats. Conventional high-density plantings have not increased yields per acre however, our proprietary growing methods can triple Kumquat yield per acre. Many types of Kumquats are suitable for these growing methods including Florida Kumquat, California Kumquats, Texas Kumquats and Australian Kumquats.
One Kumquat growing station produces approximately 500 Kumquats. Orchardists typically graft different varieties of Kumquats for variety.
Tangerine Trees - types of citrus trees
Tangerine trees produce around 400 tangerines at end season. Typical orchard tree plantings spaced 20 feet apart produce 25,000 tangerines per acre. High-density plantings have been tried unsuccessfully over the years using top and x-trellis planting systems. The best system to increase Tangerine yields is a high yield growing system developed by Tree Plantation which uses a unique method to multiply fruit bear branching. All types of Tangerines including Dancy tangerines, Murcott tangerines and Clementine tangerines can be grown using the these high density growing methods.
One Tangerine growing station produces approximately 800 Tangerines. Grafting different varieties of Tangerines to each tree will provide variety.