White Pine - A Historic Tree
Pushed south and east during the last ice age by the southward expanding White Spruce forest, which was to extend as far south as northern North Carolina and eastward out onto the Continental Shelf, White Pine was to weather the Ice Age at the extreme eastern edge of the Continental Shelf and perhaps in some as yet undiscovered pockets in the southern foothills of the Appalachians. With the melting of the continental ice sheets and the slow rise of sea levels, White Pine moved westward, off the Continental Shelf, arriving in the Shenandoah Valley of Virginia about 12,700 years ago. Because it had to migrate north around the Appalachians and south around the Great Lakes, it would be some 3500 years after the arrival of Jack and Red Pines in Minnesota that they would be joined by White Pine. The western movement of White Pine was still ongoing in Minnesota when the first Europeans arrived. Native Americans were said to have used the inner bark as an emergency food source. The whitish resin which seeps out of the wounds of this tree was mixed with beeswax by the Iroquois and used to seal the seams of their canoes. New England forests were a valued source of 18th Century naval stores; large tracts were once reserved for exploitation by the Royal Navy. Heavy logging for building materials and furniture followed the westward course of settlement throughout the 18th and 19th centuries. Regeneration was poor because of the lack of seed trees and the destruction of remaining seedlings and saplings by fire (such as the great Hinkley Fire). Few uncut stands remain.
White Pine is the provincial tree of Ontario and the state tree of Maine and Michigan.
White Pine Wood Products
White Pine wood is light, straight-grained and easily worked but not strong. White Pine is classified as softwood with a soft to medium wood density. Color varies from creamy white to pale straw, with occasional contrasting orange/brown growth rings. White Pine is used in cabinetmaking, furniture, interior finishes, woodenware, matches and lumber. The white pine produces the most valuable softwood lumber in eastern North America and is used extensively for interior trim, window sashes, door frames and for intricate carpentry. It is an excellent carving material. Lightweight, soft, even-textured, and easily worked, Eastern White Pine is probably the least resinous of all pines. It does not swell or shrink greatly with moisture content changes and displays remarkable durability as shown by the large number of houses built of Eastern White Pine in New England 200 and more years ago. Because of these desirable characteristics, Eastern White Pine uses include millwork, knotty pine paneling, siding and boards for boxes, crates, coffins, boats, woodenware, and novelties. White Pine is also grown extensively as Christmas trees.
The following comments where collected from a national wood products discussion forum using White Pine in the United States.
Comment from contributor A:
White pine is a preferred species in the market place. I know this because that in stumpage, log, or lumber form it brings a higher dollar return. In almost any market condition prices for eastern white pine lumber select grades will exceed red oak selects, the molding and shop grades will compete favorably with number one and number two common red oak, and the common grades easily outstrip the number two and number three grades of red oak. The comparison is even more dramatic when compared to other eastern softwoods such as red pine, jack pine, spruce and balsam fir.
Comment from contributor B:
One of the big problems with planting White Pine seedlings is that deer browse on the young seedlings, either taking the whole tree or just eating the top terminal bud. On average, nearly 70% of newly transplanted White Pine seedlings are lost every winter. The only way to protect the seedlings is to either construct a deer fence or cover each tree with a tree cap or tube but these are expensive solutions. Planting taller seedlings that would be out of the deer’s reach would seem to be a cheaper solution.
Comment from contributor C:
There is a definite correlation between tree size and economic value. Although trees are limb pruned early on to improve microclimate and thereby reduce blister rust of juvenile trees, an equally important reason is to start creating clear boles. Eventually, trees are pruned free of limbs to an eighteen foot height. Since crop trees are headed for a long life and large diameter, this early limb pruning pays great economic dividends. Left to natural pruning phenomenon, the trees would have to reach 100 plus years before their trunks would be growing clear faces. And since there is a manifold differential between the value of clear wood and knot-studded wood in white pine lumber (or in any lumber or veneer for that matter) early pruning is dramatically valuable.
White Pine Tree Seedlings
White Pine seedlings are grown from seed and then transplanted in the nursery where we use proprietary propagation methods to grow tall, knot free veneer quality saplings to an average height of 10 feet in 5 years. These tall seedlings allow tree plantation owners to harvest valuable sawlogs much sooner.
3,679 White Pine Tree Seedlings
White Pine Average Height: 15 feet
White Pine Tree Seedling Age: 5 years
Email For White Pine Pricing: firstname.lastname@example.org
Loblolly Pine is one of the most valued pulp and paper timber tree species